Vietnam to keep being an active and responsible member of UN: PM
Updated at Sunday, 30 Sep 2018, 13:36
The Hanoitimes - That was stated by Vietnamese President Nguyen Xuan Phuc at the general debate of the 73rd UN General Assembly for a world of peace, equality and sustainable development on September 27.
Opening his remarks, the PM asked for expressing his gratitude to the General Assembly for the minute of silence in memory of Vietnamese late President Tran Dai Quang who recently passed away.
Vietnam as a companion to the UN
The PM then hailed the role of UN over the last 70 years, with its “tireless” effort to preserve peace, prevent conflicts and wars, and realize the purposes and principles as codified in the United Nations Charter.
“The UN has also been vital in the work to address global issues: poverty reduction, protection of women and children, promotion of human rights, improvement of healthcare, culture and education, preservation of the environment, and responding to climate change”, Phuc stressed.
Phuc affirmed that during the reviewed period, Viet Nam has been a companion to the United Nations and contributed to the noble goals pursued by the Organization over the last 70 years.
Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc
Once a poor, under-developed, food-deficit country, Viet Nam has recorded average annual GDP growth of over 6% over the last 20 years, to become among the world's largest food exporters. Since 2010, Vietnam have become a middle-income developing country and the living standards of nearly 100 million of our citizens have improved dramatically. By actively engaging in international integration, Viet Nam enjoys free trading relations with nearly 60 major countries and partners in the world as a result of its membership of 16 Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), some of which are in the final stages of negotiations.
“Most recently, we successfully hosted the 2017 APEC Year, the 132nd Inter-Parliamentary Union General Assembly, the 2018 World Economic Forum on ASEAN, the 6th Greater Mekong Sub-region Cooperation Summit, and are working towards the 2025 Vision for the ASEAN Community, which aims to strengthen ASEAN centrality in the evolving regional architecture. Viet Nam has also taken the initiative and taken part in many important UN mechanisms, contributing responsibly in many different areas”, the Vietnamese official highlighted.
Viet Nam is also making greater efforts to promote justice and sustainable development, foster equality and support for disadvantaged groups, protect the environment, and ensure rights for all citizens, while upholding the spirit of dialogue and cooperation in the area of human rights. “We always attach importance to preserving cultural and natural heritages and national identity, and are one of the few countries to have achieved multiple 2015 Millennium Development Goals ahead of schedule, particularly on poverty reduction”, Phuc said.
The PM also stressed on Vietnam consistent policy to uphold the United Nations Charter and the fundamental principles of international law in the settlement of international disputes through peaceful means, including in the South China Sea, on the basis of the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and safeguarding maritime security and safety and freedom of navigation and over-flight.
Amid the world’s rapid evolution, propelled by the Fourth Industrial Revolution, as well as the irreversible trend of globalization, the Vietnamese PM called for common efforts and collaboration of all nations to cope with the global on-going and up-coming challenges.
“No single nation, regardless of their might or wealth, can singlehandedly address these enormous global challenges”, Phuc said. He suggested that a concept of "dual responsibility" be universally upheld. “Each nation shall take additional responsibility for addressing global issues; and each individual shall take additional responsibility as a global citizen”, Phuc stressed while noting that United Nations General Assembly should be the heart of cooperation among countries during this process.
The PM also suggested lifting the unilateral embargo on Cuba, so that this nation may exercise its freedom to participate equitably and fairly in economic and trading relations in accordance with international law.
He also proposed that the UN strengthen cooperation with various regions, particularly the UN – ASEAN High-level Cooperation mechanism, highlighting the UN more within ASEAN, and ASEAN more, within the UN.
Last but not least, PM Phuc stressed on Vietnam pride in being an active member of the United Nations.
Viet Nam has submitted its candidacy for non-permanent membership of the United Nations Security Council for the 2020 – 2021 term. At the debate, Phuc also thanked the 53 countries of the Asia-Pacific group for endorsing Viet Nam as the sole candidate of the Group. He said that Viet Nam is committed to be an active and responsible member of the international community and the United Nations.