Some 52% of the under-35 generation across South-East Asia said they believe that technology will increase the number of jobs available, while 67% said they believe that technology will increase their ability to earn higher incomes.
The survey, which was run in partnership with Sea, one of South-East Asia’s leading internet companies, gathered results from 64,000 ASEAN citizens through users of Garena and Shopee, Sea’s online games and e-commerce platforms, respectively. The majority of respondents were from six countries Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, Singapore and the Philippines.
The degree of optimism about the impact of technology on the future of work varied strongly by country. The youth of Singapore and Thailand were much more pessimistic in their responses, while the youth of Indonesia and the Philippines were much more optimistic. In Singapore, only 31% said they believe that technology would increase the number of jobs, compared to 60% in the Philippines.
The results also vary by level of education. Among those who stated they have no schooling, some 56% said they believe that technology would increase jobs. Among those with a university degree or higher, only 47% felt the same way.
“Fourth Industrial Revolution technologies like artificial intelligence, advanced robotics and self-driving vehicles will bring significant disruption to the job market,” said Justin Wood, head of Asia Pacific, and member of the Executive Committee at the World Economic Forum. “No one knows yet what impact these technologies will have on jobs and salaries. Globally there is concern that technological change may bring rising inequality and joblessness. But in ASEAN, the sentiment seems to be much more positive.”
Jobs in multinationals and government considered most desirable
The survey also asked young people to reveal what type of company they work for today and where they would like to work in the future. Today, 58% of the respondents work for small businesses – either for themselves, for their family business, or for a small or medium-sized enterprise (SME). A significant portion of youths (one in four) aspire to work for themselves and start their own business. However, many working for SMEs said that they would like to work for a different organization.
Today, 17% work in an SME, but only 7% said that they would like to work in an SME in the future. In contrast, the results show a strong preference to work for foreign multinational companies (10% work for one today, but 17% want to work for one in future) and for governments (13% today compared to 16% in future).
These results suggest a preference for income stability, given the more unpredictable nature of employment in small organizations versus large ones. But there are nonetheless some countries that show a rising appetite for entrepreneurialism and the associated risk-taking it involves. In Thailand, for example, 26% of young people work for themselves today, but 36% said they would like to in future. In Vietnam, 19% work for themselves today, compared to 25% that say they want to be self-employed in future.