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Vietnam’s 2023 GDP growth forecast at 7.2%: Standard Chartered

The forecast comes from the country's solid growth of 8% in 2022.

Vietnam's GDP growth is predicted to be at 7.2% and 6.7% in 2023 and 2024, respectively, according to Standard Chartered Bank.

Vietnam would attain strong growth of 7.2% in 2023. Photo: Standard Chartered

The forecast is highlighted in the bank’s recently published global research report on Vietnam titled “Vietnam - Still enjoying high-growth status.”

Tim Leelahaphan, Economist for Thailand and Vietnam, Standard Chartered said: “We still have a conviction on Vietnam’s high growth potential over the medium term. While macro indicators moderated somewhat in Quarter 4 2022, they remain largely robust. Retail sales posted solid growth in the second half of 2022, implying improved domestic activity.” 

According to Standard Chartered’s economists, trade balance has tentatively improved; exports may face global headwinds; and imports are at risk of reversal. FDI disbursements have continued to increase, but the outlook hinges on the global economy. Inflation may pose a threat to Vietnam’s continued recovery. 

Inflation is anticipated to rise throughout 2023, potentially reaching 6% in the final months of the year and averaging 5.5% in both 2023 and 2024 (from 3.2% in 2022). Vietnam’s fiscal deficit may persist and be a source of inflation. 

“We expect the central bank to stay vigilant against inflation, a weakening Vietnamese dong (VND), and financial instability arising from risky loans in the real-estate sector. The SBV may prefer a relatively strong VND, as long as it does not harm the country’s trade competitiveness,” Leelahaphan said.

He added the VND has recovered sharply in recent weeks, however, the pace of VND appreciation is likely to slow down, as several headwinds persist. The replenishment of FX reserves is likely to be a key priority for the central bank. 

An improving Current Account backdrop and tourism recovery are likely to be supportive of the VND. The USD-VND exchange rate is forecast at VND23,400 by end-2023 and 23,000 by end-2024, according to the economist.